Research

I explore the design process from many perspectives to offer insights into user and designer interactions. I put this and other research into improving my own efficacy as a designer and engineer. My PhD research was conducted in the DesignX lab at Stanford’s Center for Design Research.


project summaries

The design of implicit pedestrian-robot interactions

Dr. David Sirkin and Prof. Larry Leifer, Advisors

7/2016 – Present

Exploring how robots and autonomous vehicles can communicate with pedestrians and other road users through implicit auditory and visual signals. Identifying the communicative elements of natural messages to design broadly understood implicit messages that will enhance interactions with autonomous systems. Projects sponsored by Ford and Bosch/Daimler.


Exploring how motor sound (“consequential sound”) influences interactions with technology such as robots. In collaboration with Norwegian research institutes Nofima and SINTEF.

Robot Motor Sound perception

Dr. Wendy Ju, PI

Prof. Larry Leifer, Advisor

7/2016 – Present


Advances in data sensing and computation now allow near real-time analysis and feedback to improve teams' design processes. Building on the themes of WorkspaceNavigator (2004), we are exploring modern needs of students and modern technologies to aid student teams. We focus on teams' needs to connect with past knowledge, enhance current process, and clarify next steps after a team meeting.

 

activeNavigator: Real-time feedback in design workspaces

Dr. Wendy Ju, PI

Prof. Larry Leifer, Advisor

1/2017 – 6/2017


Priming Team Diversity to Improve Ideation

Professor Erin MacDonald, PI

9/2015 – 7/2016

Developed an intervention to enhance team performance on sustainable design tasks. Aimed to increase the innovative capacity of design teams by introducing diversity into relatively homogenous groups by demonstrating an increase in open-mindedness and creativity.

 


Dual-Process Model of Design Ideation

Professor Yan Jin, PI

8/2013 – 5/2015

Studied the contribution of intuitive thinking to analytical engineering design. Applied theories from psychology to better understand how designers generate ideas. Goal of research was to improve engineering design education and improve fundamental understanding of design creativity. Two years of research produced four peer-reviewed papers published, with a fifth currently under revision, and the project is continuing.


HAITI COOKSTOVES PROJECT

Professor Ashok Gadgil, PI

6/2011 – 3/2012

Worked as a student laboratory assistant at Lawrence Berkeley National Labs to perform hands-on controlled tests in lab conditions on a variety of traditional and improved cookstoves currently used in Haiti. Reported most efficient and clean burning stove producible at lost cost. Results of testing.


Publications

  • Moore, D. (2019, August). The Design of Implicit Pedestrian-Autonomous Vehicle Interactions. PhD Dissertation. Stanford University Department of Mechanical Engineering. {link}

  • Moore, D., Currano, R., Strack, G. E., Sirkin, D. (2019, September). The Case for Implicit External Human-Machine Interfaces in Autonomous Vehicles. AutoUI 2019. Utrecht, Netherlands.

  • Moore, D., Dahl, T., Varela, P., Ju, W., Naes, T., Berget, I. (2019, May). Unintended Consonances: Methods to Understand Robot Motor Sound Perception. CHI 2019. Glasgow, Scotland. [link]

  • Currano, B., Moore, D., Sirkin, D. (2018, September). Driving in Cars with Seat Costumes. Auto UI 2018 Workshop on Methodology: Evaluating Interactions between Automated Vehicles and Other Road Users – What Works in Practice? Toronto, Canada. [email if interested]

  • Stenholm, D., Moore, D., Leifer, L., & Bergsjö, D. (2018, May). Fail Early, Fail Often: Exploring Stanford's ME310 Course as a Basis to Improve Innovation Outpost Efficacy. Design 2018, Dubrovnik, Croatia. [pdf]

  • Moore, D. & Ju, W. (2018, March) Sound as implicit influence on human-robot interactions. HRI Pioneers Workshop, Chicago, IL. [link] [interactive poster link][poster pdf]

  • Moore, D., Ge, X., Stenholm, D., Sirkin, D., & Ju, W. (2018, February). ActiveNavigator: Toward Real-Time Knowledge Capture and Feedback in Design Workspaces. International Journal of Engineering Education. [pdf]

  • Tennent, H., Moore, D., & Ju, W. (2017, December). Character Actor: Design and Evaluation of Expressive Robot Car Seat Motion. Proc. ACM Interact. Mob. Wearable Ubiquitous Technol. [link]

  • Tennent, H., Moore, D., Jung, M., & Ju, W. (2017, August). Good Vibrations: How Consequential Sounds Affect Perception of Robotic Arms. Ro-Man 2017, Lisbon, Portugal. [pdf]

  • Moore, D., Ge, X., Stenholm, D., Sirkin, D., & Ju, W. (2017, May). ActiveNavigator: Toward Real-Time Knowledge Capture and Feedback in Design Workspaces. Mudd Design Workshop X, Claremont, CA. [pdf]

  • Moore, D., Tennent, H., Martelaro, N., & Ju, W. (2017, March). Making Noise Intentional: A Study of Servo Sound Perception. Human Robot Interaction 2017. Vienna, Austria. [link]

  • Moore, D., Sauder, J., & Jin, Y. (2016, June). Exploring Dual-Processes of Iteration in Conceptual Design. International Journal of Engineering Education. [pdf]

  • Moore, D., Sauder, J., & Jin, Y. (2015, May). Exploring Dual-Processes of Iteration in Conceptual Design. Proceedings of Mudd Design Workshop IX, Claremont, CA. [pdf]

  • Moore, D., Sauder, J., & Jin, Y. (2014, August). A Dual-Process Analysis of Design Idea Generation. Proceedings of the ASME 26th International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology, Buffalo, NY. [pdf]

  • Moore, D., Ristock, G., & Jin, Y. (2014, June). Enhancing Design Creativity with Intuitive Thinking. Design Creativity Workshop - Design, Cognition, and Computing 2014, London, England. [pdf]

in preparation / under review

  • One from Many: A Case Study of Strategic Prototyping in Human-centered Robot Development

  • After You! Designing Socially Appropriate Pedestrian-Robot Interactions

  • The Rohari Window and the Design of Pedestrian-Robot Interactions

  • Defense Against the Dark Cars: Design Principles for Griefing of Autonomous Vehicles

  • Stop Motion: Design Principles for Autonomous Vehicles’ Stopping Behavior at Crosswalks

Presentations

  • The Case for Implicit External Human-Machine Interfaces for Autonomous Vehicles. AutoUI 2019, Utrecht, Netherlands. 9/25/19

  • The Design of Pedestrian-Autonomous Vehicle Interactions. Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA (Invited talk). 7/25/19

  • Unintended Consonances: Methods to Understand Robot Motor Sound Perception. CHI 2019, Glasgow, UK. 5/7/19

  • Character Actor: Design and Evaluation of Expressive Car Seat Motion. UbiComp 2018, Singapore. 10/9/18

  • Fail Early, Fail Often: Exploring Stanford's ME310 Course as a Basis to Improve Innovation Outpost Efficacy. Design 2018, Dubrovnik, Croatia. 5/22/18

  • ActiveNavigator: Toward Real-Time Knowledge Capture and Feedback in Design Workspaces. Mudd Design Workshop X, Claremont, CA. 6/2/17

  • Science of Storytelling. Strategic Communication final presentation added to Stanford GSB Communications Lessons, viewed 40k+ times: https://youtu.be/dIA2vxqvn04

  • Making Noise Intentional: A Study of Servo Sound Perception. HRI 2017, Vienna, Austria. 3/7/17

  • Music and Color. Painting Engaging Stories (Stanford Arts Intensive). 9/20/16

  • Audi Enosys: The Transportation Assistant for the Smart Home. Stanford EXPE, 6/1/2016

  • Exploring Dual-Processes of Iteration in Conceptual Design. Mudd Design Workshop IX. 5/28/15

  • A Dual-Process Analysis of Design Idea Generation. ASME DETC – 26th International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology, Buffalo, NY. 8/18/14

  • Enhancing Design Creativity With Intuitive Thinking: A Dual-Process Approach. Beijing Institute of Technology, Laboratory of Industrial Engineering (Invited talk). 8/1//14

  • Enhancing Design Creativity With Intuitive Thinking. Design Creativity Workshop - Design, Computing, and Cognition Conference, London, England. 6/22/14

  • Understanding the Role of Intuitive Thinking in the Engineering Design Process. USC 6th Annual Graduate Research Symposium (Finalist). 4/1/14


Academic Service

  • General Chair, HRI Pioneers Workshop 2019 - Daegu, South Korea

  • Workshop Organizer, AutoUI 2019 - Utrecht, Netherlands (link)

  • Reviewer

    • International Journal of Human-Computer Studies (2018)

    • Cognitive Systems Research Journal (2018)

    • AutoUI (2019, 2018, 2017)

    • IMWUT (2018)

    • HRI (2019, 2018, 2017)

    • CHI (2019, 2018, 2017 - Excellent Reviewer Recognition)

    • Mudd Design Workshop (X, IX)

    • AIEDAM Journal (2015)